report to the Women’s Ombudsman – High Electoral Court

Combating political gender violence is one of the priorities of the Electoral Commission. For this, the Supreme Electoral Court (TSE) has several ways to receive complaints, such as the Women’s Ombudsman and the Misinformation Alert System. In addition, the Court has taken steps to increase awareness on the subject.

Women make up 53% of the Brazilian electorate, but they only occupy 15% of the Chamber of Deputies, 17% of the Municipal Chambers, 12% of the Senate and 12% of the city offices. . In the 2018 General Elections, only 9,204 women ran for office. Apart from being limited in electoral positions, they have to do this kind of violence, to discredit the people elected by the people and keep women out of political life.

But what is political violence?

Gender-based political violence is defined as any act, action or inaction that seeks to prevent, hinder or restrict the political rights of women, cis or trans, because of their gender. It includes any discrimination, removal or restriction in the discovery, enjoyment or exercise of basic political rights and freedoms. Abuse can be physical, sexual, psychological, economic, symbolic or sexual.

The offense is under section 326-B of the Elections Act. The penalty is imprisonment from 1 to 4 years and a fine, increased by a third if the crime is committed against a pregnant woman, over 60 years old and/or disabled. There are also cases of a third to a half of imprisonment, such as when the crime is committed with contempt or discrimination against the status of women or their color, race or ethnicity. Likewise, article 359-P of the Penal Code and Law Nº 14.192/2021 provides for violence and punishments for the act.

To make the public aware of this type of violence, the TSE released, last year, a campaign featuring the actress Camila Pitanga. “It is important for the democratic practice that the man who represents more than 50% of the electorate is a political type. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce the barriers that make it difficult for women to participate in the a member of the authority”, reports the general counsel of the TSE Ombudsman, Eliane Bavaresco Volpato.

Women’s Ombudsman

In March of this year, the TSE established the Women’s Ombudsman to prevent and fight cases of harassment, discrimination and other forms of violence against women, especially violence politics. It is a regular service to receive complaints not only from women working in the Electoral Court. Reports of this type of abuse can be made through the TSE’s Misinformation Alert System. The Electoral Public Ministry (MP Electoral) is the right organization to promote activities related to the investigation of this type of work.

The assistant judge of the President and the Ombudsman of the TSE, Larissa Almeida Nascimento, said the importance of knowing the law on political sexual harassment and denying this sin According to him, knowledge and understanding of Law No.

“Knowing the law is the first step for important actions to be learned in this way, among them, filing complaints with the police authority, the MP or the ombudsman ways to do for this reason. The complaint brings the problem to the fore, raising the right debate about the subject and bringing the whole public about solving it”, he said. the ombudsman.

TSE division

The TSE also takes actions and makes decisions to promote the participation of women in politics, including the creation of the Inclusion and Diversity Advisory Board. Another measure, decided by the National Congress, is the establishment of a minimum of 30% of the Special Fund for Campaign Financing (FEFC) for women candidates. The same percentage should be considered in relation to the time allocated for free election advertising on radio and TV.

In addition to regulating the electoral laws through decrees and resolutions and sending recommendations to the Parliamentary Authority, the TSE is also involved in monitoring and punishing differences in the application of gender criteria for the selection and funding of candidates.


In April this year, the Electoral Commission announced the #ParticipaMulher Seminar – For Full Citizenship. The following month, she attended the event promoted by the Senate “More Women in Politics”. Also in May, the ministers approved the introduction of article 2 of the Constitutional Amendment No. 117/2022 in the TSE Resolution No. 23,604/2019, guaranteeing that the resources intended to promote the participation of women in politics, were not used in the elections. to carry out that purpose in future elections.

In the month of June, he announced the meeting “Inclusion and Diversity: an overview of Electoral Justice”, for the presentation of the programs of the Council and Electoral Courts (TREs) on the subject. And in July, through Ordinance No. 674/2022, he established a Working Group for the development and presentation of guidelines for the execution of activities related to the subject during the 2022 elections.

best friend

In August of this year, the TSE and the Attorney General (PGE) signed an agreement to establish guidelines for joint action in the fight against political sexual harassment. The signed protocol gives importance to the words of the victim and the ones that show the chosen crime. The agreement also stipulates that anyone who is aware of an act against women must, orally or in writing, report what happened to the MP Elele, the judge or a judge and/or police authority.

In charge

In July, with the intention of combating these agents, Meta established the leadership Women in Politics: Combating Violence in Meta-Places, with the support of the TSE and the Women’s Democracy Network (WDN) – Brazil Chapter. The document provides suggestions from a group of social policies from Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp so that women can connect and express themselves safely.

To report political gender violence:

Contact the Women’s Ombudsman.

Whistleblowing style for political gender harassment.

JL/LC, DM with information from the book Political gender violence is a crime: learn how to recognize and reject this practice, by the MPF.

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